Electric vehicles are cleaner than internal combustion vehicles: ICCT study

A recent study by the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT) details how battery-powered electric vehicles or BEVs have significantly reduced greenhouse gases in India and other regions.

The International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT) has shattered a myth for good: electric vehicles pollute as much as internal combustion engines. Many believed that while electric vehicles did not cause tailpipe emissions, mining the materials needed to build batteries, cars, and the means to generate electricity caused equal or even greater pollution.

The ICCT study, “A Global Comparison of Lifecycle GHG Emissions from Passenger Cars,” reveals the opposite.

The ICCT looked at various aspects, the entire life cycle of a car’s production, from sourcing raw materials to make the battery to building a car, both for EVs and cars. ICE. They then compiled driving data for different markets, including India, to get the average vehicle emissions. ICCT then used the electricity mix from each region – Europe, US, China and India – to achieve a lifetime average emission. The result: Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) have significantly lower emissions than ICE-powered cars in all regions.

electric vehicles are cleaner than ice cars - studyThe study shows that BEVs registered in India currently emit 19-34% less emissions compared to traditional vehicles.

Even for India and China, which still rely heavily on coal power, the lifecycle benefits of BEVs are present today, ”said Peter Mock, ICCT Managing Director for Europe. He added: “The results underscore the importance of decarbonizing the grid alongside the electrification of vehicles. The lifecycle GHG performance of electric cars will improve as grids decarbonize, and regulations that promote electrification are crucial to reaping the future benefits of renewables.

The difference in emission reductions also improves as countries use more renewable energy sources to generate electricity. However, the implementation of this may not be fast enough, and most markets will need to speed up the process of implementing renewable sources to derive electricity. However, this does not change the fact that BEVs are cleaner than ICEs and contribute significantly to air conservation.

Take the example of India, the study shows that BEVs registered in the country currently emit 19 to 34% less emissions compared to traditional gasoline and diesel vehicles.

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Kevin A. Perras

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