Future Capabilities of Combustion Engines and Liquid Fuels

The U.S. transportation sector includes nearly 300 million internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, and U.S. consumers are poised to buy an additional 14 million in 2022. Despite the rapid increase in vehicle sales electric vehicles, the market will continue to be dominated by ICE vehicles for decades to come. In the pursuit of reducing carbon emissions from the transport sector, finding solutions for these vehicles must be a priority.

For this reason, The Fuels Institute commissioned this new report, which presents a high-level summary of research and development projects focused on improving ICE efficiency and emissions and reducing carbon intensity. liquid fuels. Understanding the objectives and potential benefits of such initiatives is important to better assess the potential contributions to emissions from the transport sector.

Although some have reported that work on ICE technology has ceased and no further improvements can be made, this study found thousands of current research citations that could lead to significant improvements in performance and usability. environmental footprint of these vehicles.

This summary is just a glimpse of what might be possible – there remain important projects that could greatly benefit from the path to transport decarbonisation. Policy makers must seek viable solutions and support new advances in technology and fuel formulations in their efforts to achieve a low carbon future.


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Kevin A. Perras