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New Delhi: The burning of coal, mainly in power plants, then in industrial and domestic installations, has led to an increase in the premature death rate in India and it must gradually move away from coal as the main source of energy and invest more in it. renewable energies. and cleaner sources, according to the policy recommendations of The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change.

In addition, air pollution has been recognized as a major determinant of negative health effects in India.

Therefore, there is an urgent need to establish regulatory frameworks for the control of air pollution at the source of its generation such as industrial emissions, construction sites, vehicle exhaust, etc., according to the recommendations mentioned in “The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change – Guidance Note for India 2021”.

It is also necessary to ensure the effective implementation of these regulatory measures.

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has partnered with the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change to present the Guidance Note for India in 2021. The report highlights how climate change is affecting health and the need for ‘a quick and strong response to fight the same, said the health research organization Apex.

Given that 46% of all agricultural emissions in India are from ruminants such as goats, sheep and cattle, the guidance note recommended that the country move away from traditional animal husbandry practices and invest in new technologies that will improve animal husbandry and husbandry practices, the use of good feeds for livestock and the implementation of good manure management, all of which will contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GES).

“The burning of coal, primarily in power plants, then in industrial and domestic environments, has resulted in an increase in premature mortality. Therefore, India must urgently move away from coal as the main source of energy and must invest more in renewable energies, cleaner and sustainable sources such as solar, wind or hydropower, ”the recommendations said. .

Data from the Lancet Countdown Global Report 2021 shows that there was a 9% increase in the number of deaths from coal-derived PM2.5 in India in 2019 compared to 2015.

The country has made great strides in implementing the national health emergency framework under core capacity eight of the International Health Regulations (IHR). However, it still needs to invest more in infrastructure, human resources and relevant health system capacities such as testing and surveillance systems.

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Kevin A. Perras